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  vipw, vigr  edit the password or group file
  with -s will edit shadow or gshadow file
  Copyright (C) 1997 Guy Maor <maor@ece.utexas.edu>

  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
  (at your option) any later version.

  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
  Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.


#include <config.h>

#include "rcsid.h"
RCSID (PKG_VER "$Id: vipw.c 6 2005-03-20 15:34:28Z bubulle $")
#include "defines.h"
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <utime.h>
#include "prototypes.h"
#include "pwio.h"
#include "shadowio.h"
#include "groupio.h"
#include "sgroupio.h"
static const char *progname, *filename, *fileeditname;
static int filelocked = 0, createedit = 0;
static int (*unlock) (void);

/* local function prototypes */
static int create_backup_file (FILE *, const char *, struct stat *);
static void vipwexit (const char *, int, int);
static void vipwedit (const char *, int (*)(void), int (*)(void));

static int
create_backup_file (FILE * fp, const char *backup, struct stat *sb)
      struct utimbuf ub;
      FILE *bkfp;
      int c;
      mode_t mask;

      mask = umask (077);
      bkfp = fopen (backup, "w");
      umask (mask);
      if (!bkfp)
            return -1;

      rewind (fp);
      while ((c = getc (fp)) != EOF) {
            if (putc (c, bkfp) == EOF)

      if (c != EOF || fflush (bkfp)) {
            fclose (bkfp);
            unlink (backup);
            return -1;
      if (fclose (bkfp)) {
            unlink (backup);
            return -1;

      ub.actime = sb->st_atime;
      ub.modtime = sb->st_mtime;
      if (utime (backup, &ub) ||
          chmod (backup, sb->st_mode) ||
          chown (backup, sb->st_uid, sb->st_gid)) {
            unlink (backup);
            return -1;
      return 0;

static void vipwexit (const char *msg, int syserr, int ret)
      int err = errno;

      if (filelocked)
            (*unlock) ();
      if (createedit)
            unlink (fileeditname);
      if (msg)
            fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s", progname, msg);
      if (syserr)
            fprintf (stderr, ": %s", strerror (err));
      fprintf (stderr, _("\n%s: %s is unchanged\n"), progname, filename);
      exit (ret);

#define DEFAULT_EDITOR "vi"

static void
vipwedit (const char *file, int (*file_lock) (void),
        int (*file_unlock) (void))
      const char *editor;
      pid_t pid;
      struct stat st1, st2;
      int status;
      FILE *f;
      char filebackup[1024], fileedit[1024];

      snprintf (filebackup, sizeof filebackup, "%s-", file);
      snprintf (fileedit, sizeof fileedit, "%s.edit", file);
      unlock = file_unlock;
      filename = file;
      fileeditname = fileedit;

      if (access (file, F_OK))
            vipwexit (file, 1, 1);
      if (!file_lock ())
            vipwexit (_("Couldn't lock file"), errno, 5);
      filelocked = 1;

      /* edited copy has same owners, perm */
      if (stat (file, &st1))
            vipwexit (file, 1, 1);
      if (!(f = fopen (file, "r")))
            vipwexit (file, 1, 1);
      if (create_backup_file (f, fileedit, &st1))
            vipwexit (_("Couldn't make backup"), errno, 1);
      createedit = 1;

      editor = getenv ("VISUAL");
      if (!editor)
            editor = getenv ("EDITOR");
      if (!editor)
            editor = DEFAULT_EDITOR;

      if ((pid = fork ()) == -1)
            vipwexit ("fork", 1, 1);
      else if (!pid) {
#if 0
            execlp (editor, editor, fileedit, (char *) 0);
            fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s: %s\n", progname, editor,
                   strerror (errno));
            exit (1);
            /* use the system() call to invoke the editor so that it accepts
               command line args in the EDITOR and VISUAL environment vars */
            char *buf;

            buf =
                (char *) malloc (strlen (editor) + strlen (fileedit) +
            snprintf (buf, strlen (editor) + strlen (fileedit) + 2,
                    "%s %s", editor, fileedit);
            if (system (buf) != 0) {
                  fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s: %s\n", progname, editor,
                         strerror (errno));
                  exit (1);
            } else
                  exit (0);

      for (;;) {
            pid = waitpid (pid, &status, WUNTRACED);
            if (WIFSTOPPED (status)) {
                  kill (getpid (), SIGSTOP);
                  kill (getpid (), SIGCONT);
            } else

      if (pid == -1 || !WIFEXITED (status) || WEXITSTATUS (status))
            vipwexit (editor, 1, 1);

      if (stat (fileedit, &st2))
            vipwexit (fileedit, 1, 1);
      if (st1.st_mtime == st2.st_mtime)
            vipwexit (0, 0, 0);

       * XXX - here we should check fileedit for errors; if there are any,
       * ask the user what to do (edit again, save changes anyway, or quit
       * without saving). Use pwck or grpck to do the check.  --marekm

      createedit = 0;
      unlink (filebackup);
      link (file, filebackup);
      if (rename (fileedit, file) == -1) {
            fprintf (stderr,
                   ("%s: can't restore %s: %s (your changes are in %s)\n"),
                   progname, file, strerror (errno), fileedit);
            vipwexit (0, 0, 1);

      (*file_unlock) ();

int main (int argc, char **argv)
      int flag;
      int editshadow = 0;
      char *c;
      int e = 1;
      int do_vipw;

      setlocale (LC_ALL, "");
      bindtextdomain (PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
      textdomain (PACKAGE);

      progname = ((c = strrchr (*argv, '/')) ? c + 1 : *argv);
      do_vipw = (strcmp (progname, "vigr") != 0);

      while ((flag = getopt (argc, argv, "ghps")) != EOF) {
            switch (flag) {
            case 'p':
                  do_vipw = 1;
            case 'g':
                  do_vipw = 0;
            case 's':
                  editshadow = 1;
            case 'h':
                  e = 0;
                  printf (_("Usage:\n\
`vipw' edits /etc/passwd        `vipw -s' edits /etc/shadow\n\
`vigr' edits /etc/group         `vigr -s' edits /etc/gshadow\n\
                  exit (e);

      if (do_vipw) {
            if (editshadow)
                  vipwedit (SHADOW_FILE, spw_lock, spw_unlock);
                  vipwedit (PASSWD_FILE, pw_lock, pw_unlock);
      } else {
            if (editshadow)
                  vipwedit (SGROUP_FILE, sgr_lock, sgr_unlock);
                  vipwedit (GROUP_FILE, gr_lock, gr_unlock);

      return 0;

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